Bury Football Club is an English association football club based in Bury, Greater Manchester. Bury finished the 2018–19 season as runners-up in EFL League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system, and so were promoted to EFL League One for the 2019–20 season. However, the club were unable to begin the season because of longstanding financial difficulties and, on 27 August 2019, were expelled from the English Football League (EFL). In December 2019 and February 2020, the club survived HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) winding-up petitions in the High Court; it still exists as a legal entity but has no league membership, and, as of early June 2020, is currently at serious risk of liquidation.
Known as "The Shakers", the team play in white shirts and navy blue shorts. Gigg Lane, one of the world's oldest football grounds, has been the club's home venue since 1885. The club's location led to local derby games with numerous clubs and Bury has long-standing rivalries with near neighbours Bolton Wanderers, Oldham Athletic and Rochdale.
Established in 1885, Bury were founder members of the Lancashire League in 1889, and were crowned champions in the 1890–91 and 1891–92 seasons, before being elected to The Football League (now known as the EFL) in 1894. They won the Second Division title in 1894–95 and won their test match to secure promotion into the First Division. They remained in the top flight for 17 seasons, winning the FA Cup in 1900 with a 4–0 victory over Southampton and again in 1903 with a 6–0 win over Derby County. This remains a record winning margin in an FA Cup final, equalled only once, when Manchester City beat Watford in the 2019 final.
They were relegated to the Second Division at the end of the 1911–12 season, before securing promotion again in 1923–24. Bury lost their top-flight status in 1928–29 and have not returned. They dropped into the third tier in 1956–57, before winning promotion as champions of the Third Division under the stewardship of Dave Russell in 1960–61. From 1967 to 1971 they were promoted once but, with three relegations, found themselves in the Fourth Division for the first time.
Bury won promotion at the end of the 1973–74 campaign and remained in the Third Division until 1979–80. They were in the fourth tier in September 1995 when Stan Ternent took over as team manager. He led them back to the second tier for the first time in 28 years after securing two consecutive promotions in 1995–96 and 1996–97 – winning promotion as champions in the latter campaign. They remained there for just two seasons and were relegated twice in four seasons, before securing promotion out of League Two in 2010–11. They then switched between Leagues One and Two, being twice relegated (in 2012–13 and 2017–18) and twice promoted (in 2014–15 and 2018–19).